Hybridization Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry: An Alternative Bioanalytical Method for Antisense Oligonucleotide Quantitation in Plasma and Tissue Samples.


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Hybridization Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry: An Alternative Bioanalytical Method for Antisense Oligonucleotide Quantitation in Plasma and Tissue Samples.

Anal Chem. 2020 08 04;92(15):10548-10559

Authors: Li P, Gong Y, Kim J, Liu X, Gilbert J, Kerns HM, Groth R, Rooney M

Abstract
Quantitative bioanalysis in plasma and tissues samples is required to study the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs). To overcome intrinsic drawbacks in specificity, sensitivity, and throughput of traditional ligand-binding assay (LBA) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) methods, an alternative bioanalytical method was developed by combining oligonucleotide hybridization and LC-MS/MS technologies. Target ASOs were extracted from biological samples by hybridization with biotinylated sense-strand oligonucleotides coupled to streptavidin magnetic beads. Using ion-pairing chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry, this method demonstrated high sensitivity (0.5 ng/mL using 100 μL of plasma), high specificity, wide linear range, complete automation, and generic applications in tests with multiple ASOs. The typical challenge of sensitivity drop in traditional ion-pairing LC-MS/MS was for the first time overcome by the introduction of a ternary pump system. Due to the high specificity, quantitation in various biological matrixes was achieved using calibration standards in plasma, largely improving efficiency and consistency. Another major advantage was the capability of simultaneous quantitation of ASO metabolites. The hybridization LC-MS/MS was considered an improved alternative for quantitation of ASOs and metabolites in plasma and tissue samples, showing a great potential to replace traditional LBA and LC-MS/MS methods.

PMID: 32628461 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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