{beta}-Amyloid PET and 123I-FP-CIT SPECT in Mild Cognitive Impairment at Risk for Lewy Body Dementia



Objective

To determine the clinical phenotypes associated with the β-amyloid PET and dopamine transporter imaging (123I-FP-CIT SPECT) findings in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) with the core clinical features of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB; MCI-LB).

Methods

Patients with MCI who had at least 1 core clinical feature of DLB (n = 34) were grouped into β-amyloid A+ or A– and 123I-FP-CIT SPECT D+ or D– groups based on previously established abnormality cut points for A+ with Pittsburgh compound B PET standardized uptake value ratio (PiB SUVR) ≥1.48 and D+ with putamen z score with DaTQUANT <–0.82 on 123I-FP-CIT SPECT. Individual patients with MCI-LB fell into 1 of 4 groups: A+D+, A+D–, A–D+, or A–D–. Log-transformed PiB SUVR and putamen z score were tested for associations with patient characteristics.

Results

The A–D+ biomarker profile was most common (38.2%), followed by A+D+ (26.5%) and A–D– (26.5%). The least common was the A+D- biomarker profile (8.8%). The A+ group was older, had a higher frequency of APOE 4 carriers, and had a lower Mini-Mental State Examination score than the A– group. The D+ group was more likely to have probable REM sleep behavior disorder. Lower putamen DaTQUANT z scores and lower PiB SUVRs were independently associated with higher Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale-III scores.

Conclusions

A majority of patients with MCI-LB are characterized by low β-amyloid deposition and reduced dopaminergic activity. β-Amyloid PET and 123I-FP-CIT SPECT are complementary in characterizing clinical phenotypes of patients with MCI-LB.

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