[Quality of life in people with depression and physical comorbidity from a gender perspective].

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[Quality of life in people with depression and physical comorbidity from a gender perspective].

Aten Primaria. 2021 Jan 08;:

Authors: Raya-Tena A, Fernández-San-Martín MI, Martín-Royo J, Casañas R, Psicodep G, Jiménez-Herrera MF

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to describe from a gender perspective how people with depression and physical comorbidity perceive their quality of life. The study included 380 people over 49 years of age with at least one of the following pathologies: diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and ischemic heart disease. Participants were recruited from 31 teams the primary care of in Catalonia. Quality of life was measured using the EuroQol Scale. In addition, sociodemographic variables were collected, as well as the severity of depression, the index of economic deprivation and area of residence. The adjusted relationship between sex and dimensions of quality of life was assessed by means of multivariate logistic regression.
RESULTS: 81.3% were women; the mean age was 68.4 years (SD: 8.8). The mean on the Visual Analogue Scale was 57.8 (SD: 17.4) in men and 55.8 (SD: 18.6) in women. The mean of the EQ-Health Index was 0.74 (SD: 0.17) in men and 0.65 (SD: 0.2) in women (p = 0.001). The probability of having problems of the EQ-5D showed sex as the most important factor (woman = 1/man = 0) in: self-care OR: 2.29 (95% CI 1.04-5.07) and daily activities OR: 3.09 (95% CI 1.67-5.71). Mobility was associated with age OR: 1.87 (95% CI 1.22-2.86), pain with area of residence OR: 2.51 (95% CI 1.18-5,34) and the BDI with anxiety/depression OR: 4,77 (95% CI 1.77-12,88).
CONCLUSION: The perception quality of life of women with depression and physical comorbidity is lower than that of men and, in both cases, it is lower than that of the general population.

PMID: 33431241 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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