[Integrated management and prognosis analysis of fetus with complete transposition of the great arteries during pregnancy and perinatal period].


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[Integrated management and prognosis analysis of fetus with complete transposition of the great arteries during pregnancy and perinatal period].

Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi. 2020 Dec 25;55(12):830-836

Authors: Xie JS, Yin XJ, Yan YN, Pei QY, Yan LH, Zhang L, Liu J, Liu G, Zhang HL, Zhang XH

Abstract
Objective: To investigate the prenatal diagnosis, integrated management and prognosis of fetal complete transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA) detected by ultrasonography. Methods: The prenatal diagnosis, integrated management and prognosis of 19 D-TGA fetuses found by ultrasound during pregnancy in Peking University People’s Hospital from January 2014 to June 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The incidence of D-TGA was 0.12% (19/16 028) among fetuses diagnosed by ultrasound during 5 years. Among the 19 cases, there were 7 cases (7/19) of D-TGA alone, 7 cases (7/19) of D-TGA combined with ventricular septal defect (VSD), 5 cases (5/19) of D-TGA combined with other cardiac malformations; 2 cases (2/19) of D-TGA combined with extra cardiac malformations, and 1 case (1/19) of fetal growth restriction. Nuchal translucency (NT) thickening was found in 3 cases (3/19) at the first trimester of pregnancy. Among the 19 D-TGA fetuses found by ultrasound examination, 18 (18/19) had chromosome karyotype analysis of fetuses or newborns, and chromosomal abnormalities were found in 2 cases, all of which were terminated in the second trimester of pregnancy. The integrated management and multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment of D-TGA fetuses during pregnancy and perinatal period were carried out. Nine cases (9/19) had induction in the second trimester of pregnancy, 10 cases (10/19) were delivered at term, and the gestational week of delivery was (38.3±0.7) weeks, among which 6 cases (6/10) were delivered by caesarean section due to obstetric factors, and 4 cases (4/10) were delivered by vaginal birth. The oxygen saturation was (69.2±11.3)% at birth and (77.8±6.7)% when transferred to the department of pediatrics. Except for one case lost to follow-up, the other 9 newborns received operation. The average operation time was (21.8±22.1) days after birth, 8 cases (8/9) completed one operation and 1 case (1/9) performed two operations. All of the 9 cases treated by surgery were followed up well. Conclusions: Prenatal diagnosis, individualized evaluation and integrated management during pregnancy and perinatal period should be carried out for the patients with fetal D-TGA detected by ultrasound. Fetal D-TGA is not an indication of cesarean section. The open of ductus arteriosus can be maintained with drugs when necessary after birth, and a good prognosis could be obtained through surgery.

PMID: 33355757 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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