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EHS

Clinical and neuroimaging features of the m.10197G>A mtDNA mutation: New case reports and expansion of the phenotype variability



Complex I (CI) is the largest component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) and it is made up of 7 mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-encoded and at least 38 nuclear DNA-encoded subunits. Isolated CI deficiency is the most common single enzyme deficiency in the heterogeneous group of MRC disorders and it is a relatively common etiology of Leigh-like syndrome (LS).With a few exceptions, descriptions of the clinical spectrum of specific mutations in CI are scarce. We here present three unrelated Italian children who harbored the homoplasmic m.10197G>A mutation in MT-ND3 associated with reduced enzyme activity of CI in muscle.

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