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Incorporation of a spectral model in a convolutional neural network for accelerated spectral fitting.


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Incorporation of a spectral model in a convolutional neural network for accelerated spectral fitting.

Magn Reson Med. 2019 Jan 21;:

Authors: Gurbani SS, Sheriff S, Maudsley AA, Shim H, Cooper LAD

Abstract
PURPOSE: MRSI has shown great promise in the detection and monitoring of neurologic pathologies such as tumor. A necessary component of data processing includes the quantitation of each metabolite, typically done through fitting a model of the spectrum to the data. For high-resolution volumetric MRSI of the brain, which may have ~10,000 spectra, significant processing time is required for spectral analysis and generation of metabolite maps.
METHODS: A novel unsupervised deep learning architecture that combines a convolutional neural network with a priori models of the spectrum is presented. This architecture, a convolutional encoder-model decoder (CEMD), combines the strengths of adaptive and unbiased convolutional networks with models of magnetic resonance and is readily interpretable.
RESULTS: The CEMD architecture performs accurate spectral fitting for volumetric MRSI in patients with glioblastoma, provides whole-brain fitting in 1 min on a standard computer, and handles a variety of spectral artifacts.
CONCLUSION: A new architecture combining physics domain knowledge with convolutional neural networks has been developed and is able to perform rapid spectral fitting of whole-brain data. Rapid processing is a critical step toward routine clinical practice.

PMID: 30666698 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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