Syringa pinnatifolia Hemsl. fraction protects against myocardial ischemic injury by targeting the p53-mediated apoptosis pathway.

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Syringa pinnatifolia Hemsl. fraction protects against myocardial ischemic injury by targeting the p53-mediated apoptosis pathway.

Phytomedicine. 2019 Jan;52:136-146

Authors: Feng X, Zhang R, Li J, Cao Y, Zhao F, Du X, Gao X, Cao L, Chen S, Tu P, Chai X

BACKGROUND: Peeled stems of Syringa pinnatifolia Hemsl. (SP) have been widely used to treat extra “He-Yi” induced myocardial ischemia for hundreds of years in Inner Mongolia, China and previous result showed that intragastric pretreatment with total extract (T) of SP has a protective effect against myocardial infarction (MI).
HYPOTHESIS: This study aims to describe the pharmacological investigation and chemical characterization of the major (M) and minor (N) fractions obtained from T through column chromatography fractionation on macroporous resin and to explore whether the regulatory effects were linked to the p53-mediated apoptosis pathways.
STUDY DESIGN: Left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery-ligated mice and H9c2 cells cultured in serum-free medium under hypoxic conditions were treated with T, M, and N.
METHODS: Echocardiography was performed and biomarkers in serum were determined in mice, and pathological changes were observed through histopathology assay. Immunofluorescence staining and qRT-PCR were used to detect the expression levels of p53 in heart tissue. Flow cytometry was used to measure the level of apoptosis and caspase-3 activity in H9c2 cells. Western blot analysis was conducted to detect p53 and p53-mediated proteins apoptosis pathways of in both tissue and H9c2 cells.
RESULTS: Both T and M have an equivalent cardioprotective effect whereas N is non-active. M decreased MI-induced myocardial compensatory expansion by decrease of left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESd) and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDd) and prevented decreases in ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS). The MI-induced increased levels of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were decreased and the expanded infarction size was reduced. M could also improve cell viability and inhibit apoptosis in H9c2 cells under hypoxic conditions. Immunofluorescence and qRT-PCR assay showed that M suppressed p53 expression in the myocardium. Western blot analysis showed that M could prevent MI-induced activation of p53-mediated apoptosis pathway in both myocardium and H9c2 cells.
CONCLUSION: The results demonstrated that M may protect against myocardial ischemia by improving cardiac function and inhibiting cardiomyocytes apoptosis. Overall, the present findings supported the clinical application of SP and enriched the research of anti-myocardial ischemia drug from traditional medicines.

PMID: 30599893 [PubMed – in process]

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