We comparatively analysed cases of oesophageal atresia (OA) managed in Enugu, south-eastern Nigeria from October 2010 to September 2015 to evaluate our short-term outcome with management following incorporation of temporary cardia banding to gastrostomy for late presenting cases and improved anaesthesia in 2013. Overall, 19 cases were analysed. The clinical parameters did not differ in the cases managed before (Group A) and after (Group B) these introductions. Four (21.1%) cases had primary repair (2 per group), six (31.6%) had delayed primary repair after treatment of pneumonitis (Group A 5; Group B 1) and nine (47.3%) had delayed primary repair after gastrostomy (Group A 4; Group B 5). Anaesthesia-related mortality dropped from 53.8 to 7.7% and survival improved from 9.1 to 62.5% following the introductions. Despite persisting barriers to care, outcome of OA in our setting may improve with better anaesthesia and incorporation of temporary cardia banding to gastrostomy.