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Quantitative analysis of vascular properties derived from ultrafast DCE-MRI to discriminate malignant and benign breast tumors.


Quantitative analysis of vascular properties derived from ultrafast DCE-MRI to discriminate malignant and benign breast tumors.

Magn Reson Med. 2018 Oct 28;:

Authors: Wu C, Pineda F, Hormuth DA, Karczmar GS, Yankeelov TE

Abstract
PURPOSE: We propose a novel methodology to integrate morphological and functional information of tumor-associated vessels to assist in the diagnosis of suspicious breast lesions.
THEORY AND METHODS: Ultrafast, fast, and high spatial resolution DCE-MRI data were acquired on 15 patients with suspicious breast lesions. Segmentation of the vasculature from the surrounding tissue was performed by applying a Hessian filter to the enhanced image to generate a map of the probability for each voxel to belong to a vessel. Summary measures were generated for vascular morphology, as well as the inputs and outputs of vessels physically connected to the tumor. The ultrafast DCE-MRI data was analyzed by a modified Tofts model to estimate the bolus arrival time, Ktrans (volume transfer coefficient), and vp (plasma volume fraction). The measures were compared between malignant and benign lesions via the Wilcoxon test, and then incorporated into a logistic ridge regression model to assess their combined diagnostic ability.
RESULTS: A total of 24 lesions were included in the study (13 malignant and 11 benign). The vessel count, Ktrans , and vp showed significant difference between malignant and benign lesions (P = 0.009, 0.034, and 0.010, area under curve [AUC] = 0.76, 0.63, and 0.70, respectively). The best multivariate logistic regression model for differentiation included the vessel count and bolus arrival time (AUC = 0.91).
CONCLUSION: This study provides preliminary evidence that combining quantitative characterization of morphological and functional features of breast vasculature may provide an accurate means to diagnose breast cancer.

PMID: 30368906 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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