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Identifying Complications and Optimizing Consultations Following Trans-radial Arterial Access for Cardiac Procedures.

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Identifying Complications and Optimizing Consultations Following Trans-radial Arterial Access for Cardiac Procedures.

Ann Vasc Surg. 2018 Oct 17;:

Authors: Cauley R, Wu WW, Doval A, Chaikof E, Ho KKL, Iorio ML

Abstract
BACKGROUND: The radial approach to cardiac procedures has become increasingly common. While previous studies have suggested a favorable risk profile, serious complications can occur. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence, subsequent treatment and outcome of all suspected significant neurovascular complications following trans-radial cardiac procedures at a large US hospital.
METHODS: We reviewed all patients who underwent a left heart catheterization, coronary angiogram, or percutaneous coronary intervention via the trans-radial approach at a single large academic medical center in the United States between 2010 and 2016. Consultations to the vascular and hand surgery services were examined to assess demographic variables, risk factors, presenting symptoms, subsequent treatment and outcome of all serious complications.
RESULTS: A total of 9,681 radial access cardiac procedures were performed during the study period. 24 cases (0.25%) were suspected to have major complications and subsequently received consults. A total of 18 complications were diagnosed, including 8 vascular injuries or perforations, 4 hematomas, 4 radial artery occlusions, 1 case of compartment syndrome, and 1 severe radial artery spasm. Of the complications noted, 3 (16.7%) required operative interventions, but all recovered neurovascular function.
CONCLUSIONS: Radial artery access for cardiac procedures has become increasingly common and has been associated with a low rate of major peripheral neurovascular complications. The majority (83.3%) of complications were successfully treated with a non-operative management algorithm.

PMID: 30342206 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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