Metformin Protects against H2O2-Induced Cardiomyocyte Injury by Inhibiting the miR-1a-3p/GRP94 Pathway.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids. 2018 Sep 06;13:189-197
Authors: Zhang Y, Liu X, Zhang L, Li X, Zhou Z, Jiao L, Shao Y, Li M, Leng B, Zhou Y, Liu T, Liu Q, Shan H, Du Z
Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a major side effect of the reperfusion treatment of the ischemic heart. Few therapies are available for the effective prevention of this injury caused by the oxidative stress-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Metformin was shown to have a potential cardiac protective effect and ability to reduce cardiac events, but the exact mechanism remains unclear. Here, we aimed to confirm and investigate the mechanisms underlying potential metformin activity against I/R injury in response to oxidative stress. We determined that the expression of miR-1a-3p was significantly increased in neonatal rat ventricular cells (NRVCs), which were exposed to H2O2in vitro and in the hearts of mice that underwent the I/R injury. MiR-1a-3p was shown to target the 3′ UTR of GRP94, which results in the accumulation of un- or misfolded proteins, leading to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. The obtained results demonstrated that C/EBP β directly induces the upregulation of miR-1a-3p by binding to its promoter. Furthermore, as a direct allosteric AMPK activator, metformin was shown to activate AMPK and significantly reduce C/EBP β and miR-1a-3p levels compared with those in the control group. In conclusion, metformin protects cardiomyocytes against H2O2 damage through the AMPK/C/EBP β/miR-1a-3p/GRP94 pathway, which indicates that metformin may be applied for the treatment of I/R injury.
PMID: 30292140 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]