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Proteome of Bovine Mitochondria and Rod Outer Segment Disks: Commonalities and Differences.

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Proteome of Bovine Mitochondria and Rod Outer Segment Disks: Commonalities and Differences.

J Proteome Res. 2018 02 02;17(2):918-925

Authors: Bruschi M, Petretto A, Caicci F, Bartolucci M, Calzia D, Santucci L, Manni L, Ramenghi LA, Ghiggeri G, Traverso CE, Candiano G, Panfoli I

Abstract
The retinal rod outer segment (OS) is a stack of disks surrounded by the plasma membrane, housing proteins related to phototransduction, as well as mitochondrial proteins involved in oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos). This prompted us to compare the proteome of bovine OS disks and mitochondria to assess the significant top gene signatures of each sample. The two proteomes, obtained by LTQ-Orbitrap Velos mass spectrometry, were compared by statistical analyses. In total, 4139 proteins were identified, 2045 of which overlapping in the two sets. Nonhierarchical Spearman’s correlogram revealed that the groups were clearly discriminated. Partial least square discriminant plus support vector machine analysis identified the major discriminative proteins, implied in phototransduction and lipid metabolism, respectively. Gene Ontology analysis identified top gene signatures of the disk proteome, enriched in vesiculation, glycolysis, and OxPhos proteins. The tricarboxylic acid cycle and the electron transport proteins were similarly enriched in the two samples, but the latter was up regulated in disks. Data suggest that the mitochondrial OxPhos proteins may represent a true OS proteome component, outside the mitochondrion. This knowledge may help the scientific community in the further studies of retinal physiology and pathology.

PMID: 29299929 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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