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Dental considerations and recommendations in Eisenmenger syndrome: A report of an unusual paediatric case.

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Dental considerations and recommendations in Eisenmenger syndrome: A report of an unusual paediatric case.

Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2018 Sep 08;:

Authors: Calderón-Ávila PA, Garrocho-Rangel JA, Cepeda-Bravo JA, Ruiz-Rodríguez MS, Pierdant-Pérez M, Pozos-Guillén A

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is a heart cyanotic condition characterised by elevated pulmonary vascular resistance and an intra-cardiac right-to-left shunting of blood through a systemic-to-pulmonary circulation connection. Affected children usually exhibit severe hypoxia, clubbing of fingers/toes, haemoptysis, anaemia, and organ damage.
CASE REPORT: During autumn 2015, the patient and her parents arrived at the paediatric dentistry clinic. The patient presented with the main complaint of generalised inflamed gingival tissues, severely protruded upper incisors, and evident abnormal mouth breathing.
TREATMENT: This was performed under local analgesia, rubber-dam isolation, and antimicrobial prophylaxis with amoxicillin (50 mg/kg). The patient’s parents agreed to the treatment plan through a signed informed consent. This treatment consisted of the placement of pit and fissure sealants on the four permanent first molars (which included enamel preparation with fissurotomy burs), in-depth gingiva/dental frequent cleanings, local fluoride varnish applications, and an exhaustive programme of at-home oral hygiene (brushing, flossing, and chlorhexidine mouth rinses), including adequate nutrition. Gingivoplasty surgery to remove residual enlarged tissues was indicated for the near future.
FOLLOW-UP: The child did not return to the clinic. When contacted, the parents reported that their daughter’s systemic condition worsened significantly. She was confined to a bed at home under palliative care, with a life-span expectation of only a few months.
CONCLUSION: Comprehensive dental care of children with ES requires careful consideration of their medical condition, and dental care delivery should be coordinated with the paediatric cardiologist. General analgesia should be considered only in strictly selected cases, due to the high peri-operative mortality reported.

PMID: 30196521 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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