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Steroidal and phenolic endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in surface water of Bahe River, China: Distribution, bioaccumulation, risk assessment and estrogenic effect on Hemiculter leucisculus.

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Steroidal and phenolic endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in surface water of Bahe River, China: Distribution, bioaccumulation, risk assessment and estrogenic effect on Hemiculter leucisculus.

Environ Pollut. 2018 Aug 22;243(Pt A):103-114

Authors: Wang S, Zhu Z, He J, Yue X, Pan J, Wang Z

Abstract
This study investigated selected steroidal and phenolic endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) in the surface water of the Bahe River (China) using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Their effect on the wild sharpbelly Hemiculter leucisculus was investigated. The concentrations of 4-t-octylphenol, nonylphenol, bisphenol-A, estrone, 17 β-estradiol, 17 α-Ethinylestradiol, and estriol were up to 126.0, 634.8, 1573.1, 55.9, 23.9, 31.5, and 5.2 ng L-1 in the surface water, and up to 26.4, 103.5, 146.9, 14.2, 9.3, 13.8, and 1.3 ng g-1 in the fish muscle tissue, respectively. High estrogen equivalent levels and hazard quotients were found in the middle and lower reaches of the river, and the pollution in these regions caused enhanced growth conditions, inhibition of gonad growth, and suppression of spermatogenesis in H. leucisculus. The up-regulation of Vitellogenin mRNA expression in male fish, collected from relatively heavily EDCs contaminated areas, indicates a potential estrogenic effect. The differential expression profiles of genes related to steroidogenesis at all sampling sites suggests that these endpoints may play an important role for the pollution monitoring of estrogenic EDCs in the Bahe River.

PMID: 30172116 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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