Heart Transplant Recipients Prefer a Telemental Health Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Intervention Delivered by Telephone.
Telemed J E Health. 2018 Aug 10;:
Authors: Epstein FR, Liu CM, Stevenson JM
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common after heart transplant, and in a regional heart transplant center servicing northern California, willingness to participate in treatment can be a major barrier.
INTRODUCTION: Our primary aim is to design a remote cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention. This study is the first step in the process. Through a survey to the cohort of heart transplant recipients (N = 230), managed within the Kaiser Permanente Northern California’s Heart Transplant Service, we aimed to assess symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety, patient willingness to participate in a CBT intervention, and preference between video and telephone. We proposed to patients a five-visit intervention, with the first and last visits in person and the three middle visits by video.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty of 230 heart transplant recipients returned the 12-question Likert-like survey. Statistical tests included chi-square, fisher exact test, t-tests, and a logistic regression model.
RESULTS: Patients who reported two or more symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety were 5.67 times more likely to engage in a remote CBT intervention (odds ratio = 5.67; 95% confidence interval 1.63-19.78; p = 0.006). Patients experiencing stress with depression were the most willing group to participate in a CBT intervention. The 12 patients who met the study criteria of 3 years post-transplant and experiencing at least one mental health symptom were invited to participate in the CBT intervention. All patients (12) who met the CBT intervention criteria were not willing to participate in the two in-person visits. All were willing to participate in a telephone-only CBT intervention.
DISCUSSION: Among the heart transplant recipients in this cohort, there is more willingness to participate in a CBT intervention when distress is higher and there is a preference for telephone visits as the modality for treatment delivery.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the findings, the CBT intervention will be shorter in duration; instead of five visits, there will be four visits; and it will be conducted by telephone only. The new intervention will be tested with 8 to 10 patients, changed, and then it will need to be empirically tested.
PMID: 30096261 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]