What Is a Hemorrhoidectomy?

Woman at DeskHemorrhoids can cause slight discomfort in mild cases, but more serious cases might result in rectal bleeding, pain and other severe symptoms. When you need to have hemorrhoids removed, this procedure is known as a hemorrhoidectomy.

When to Consider a Hemorrhoidectomy

You might need to have a hemorrhoidectomy done if you have hemorrhoids that cause severe symptoms, such as burning, bleeding or persistent itching, or if you have hemorrhoids that keep coming back or occur on a chronic basis. Good candidates for this procedure include those who have severe or chronic hemorrhoids that do not improve with over-the-counter treatments or lifestyle changes.

Types of Procedures

This procedure can be done in a few different ways. The type of hemorrhoidectomy you will need will depend on your condition. Some procedures involve surgically removing hemorrhoids after making tiny incisions around them. In other procedures, hemorrhoids are stapled or have a rubber band placed around them to prevent blood from flowing through them. This causes them to become smaller and gradually disappear. A hemorrhoidectomy can also be done using laser energy to shrink hemorrhoids or using a chemical solution to make them smaller.

Preparing for a Hemorrhoidectomy

You should always follow the instructions you are given about preparing for a hemorrhoidectomy. This might include avoiding taking certain kinds of medications for several days before your procedure. You might also have to avoid eating or drinking for a certain period of time prior to a hemorrhoidectomy. When you go in for your procedure, you might have either general or local anesthesia given to you. In some cases, a spinal block is used to numb the lower part of the body.

Risks of a Hemorrhoidectomy

Hemorrhoidectomies are generally safe, although complications can occur in rare cases. While long-term or serious complications are uncommon, you might have mild discomfort after undergoing this procedure. Some of the complications that can occur include stool leakage, infections, excessive bleeding and problems urinating.

After a Hemorrhoidectomy

If you have any discomfort after your procedure, you should be able to take over-the-counter pain relievers for it. Sitting in warm water for about 20 minutes at a time might also help ease pain or soreness. You should follow any post-surgical instructions you are given in order to ensure proper healing. Seek medical care right away if you have any signs of complications, such as severe pain and other symptoms that could indicate an infection. You can expect to fully recover from your procedure in about two weeks.

Preventing Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids can occur again after you have had a hemorrhoidectomy. You can take steps to lower the chance of this happening. This involves making changes to your lifestyle, such as eating foods that are high in fiber and drinking more water. You should also avoid sitting for long periods of time and straining when you are having a bowel movement.

If you need treatment for hemorrhoids, please contact Anthony S. Borcich, MD PC to schedule an appointment. He will evaluate you and determine if a hemorrhoidectomy is the right course of treatment for your condition.

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