Commonly known as the process of hardening of the coronary arteries, Atherosclerosis is the technical name for the progressive narrowing of arteries due to plaque buildup. This is regarded as the primary cause of cardiovascular disease. It can be treated properly only if you are under the medical supervision of one of the best doctors from healthcare set up for cardiac & bypass surgery in Delhi.
You are more likely to developa severe degree of atherosclerosis if you are leading a sedentary lifestyle or have a family history. Other risk factors for atherosclerosis include –
- high blood pressure and cholesterol
- lack of physical activity
- heavy smoking
- excessive alcohol intake
Atherosclerosis occurs when endothelium cells are chronically damaged by cholesterol and the repair process happens over and over again. This results in the inflammation of the injured area, thus forming a patch.
More and more newer technologies are being used for treatment of atherosclerosis. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery is the best example for this. Following are the some of the ways suggested by experts of minimally invasive cardiac surgery in Delhi, that can be employed to prevent Atherosclerosis:
Proper Diet and Exercise: One should limit the intake of trans-fatty acids and saturated fats like fast and junk food. Eat more whole grain foods rich in fiber, fresh fruits and vegetables.
Exercise daily to maintain adequate weight. Regular exercise is known to improve the blood flow through the heart and also decrease blood pressure. It also helps in burning fat and reducing cholesterol levels, which is further helpful in preventing atherosclerosis.Meditation and yoga are also greatly helpful in relaxing the mind and body and thus preventing heart disease like atherosclerosis.
Reducing stress: Chronic exposure to stress results in inflammation of the arteries. Manage your stress levels through yoga and meditation to lower the chances of the disease. Explore healthy ways of handling stress. Stay positive so that your stress hormones lower down and the good cholesterol level increases.
Use natural herbs: There are many natural herbs available to prevent atherosclerosis. For instance, green tea prevents the oxidation of cholesterol and reduces plaque buildup in the arteries. Garlic is also very useful as it decreases the sticking tendency of platelets. Similarly, green tea is known to block cholesterol oxidation and grape seeds significantly help in lowering blood cholesterol levels and prevent damage to the artery lining. It also shrinks the deposited cholesterol in the artery.
Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption: Smoking and alcohol consumption causedamage of the inner lining of the arteries, thus increasing the risk of atherosclerosis. In fact, tobacco is known to have more than 50 carcinogens which can severely cause damage to the lining of arteries. So, it is better to stay away from these toxins.
Limit sugar intake: Excess intake of sugar or glucose leads to high blood pressure. High levels of insulin are very dangerous for the health of the arteries. Just by lowering the sugar intake, one can reduce the chances of developing atherosclerosis by 50%. So make sure your sugar consumption is limited.