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Prognostic Value of a Simple Echocardiographic Parameter, the Right Ventricular Systolic to Diastolic Duration Ratio, in Patients with Advanced Heart Failure with Non-Ischemic Dilated Cardiomyopathy.

Prognostic Value of a Simple Echocardiographic Parameter, the Right Ventricular Systolic to Diastolic Duration Ratio, in Patients with Advanced Heart Failure with Non-Ischemic Dilated Cardiomyopathy.

Int Heart J. 2018 Jul 18;:

Authors: Xu B, Kawata T, Daimon M, Kimura K, Nakao T, Lee SC, Hirokawa M, Yoshinaga A, Watanabe M, Yatomi Y, Komuro I

Abstract
The prognostic value of the right ventricular (RV) systolic to diastolic duration ratio (S/D ratio) in patients with advanced heart failure is not clear.We enrolled 45 patients with DCM (40 ± 13 years, 33 male) who were admitted to our hospital for evaluation or treatment of heart failure. The RV systolic and diastolic durations were measured using continuous Doppler imaging of tricuspid regurgitation, and the RV S/D ratio was calculated. Cardiac events were defined as cardiac death or left ventricular assist device implantation within the first year. Twenty-eight cardiac events occurred. The RV S/D ratio was significantly higher in the event group than in the event-free group (1.8 ± 0.8 versus 1.2 ± 0.5, P = 0.008). Univariate analysis showed that the RV S/D ratio, plasma brain natriuretic peptide concentration, left atrial volume index, and mitral deceleration time were associated with these events. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that the optimal RV S/D cutoff value to predict events was 1.2 (sensitivity 79%, specificity 65%, area under the curve 0.745). Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated a significantly higher event rate in patients with an RV S/D ratio > 1.2 (log-rank test, P = 0.003). The addition of an RV S/D ratio > 1.2 improved the prognostic utility of a model that included conventional variables (P = 0.014).In patients with advanced heart failure with DCM, the RV S/D ratio was higher in patients with events than in those without events. The addition of the RV S/D ratio to conventional parameters may provide better prognostic information.

PMID: 30022771 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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