Liposome-loaded thermo-sensitive hydrogel for stabilization of SN-38 via intratumoral injection: optimization, characterization, and antitumor activity.
Pharm Dev Technol. 2018 Jan;23(1):106-115
Authors: Bai R, Deng X, Wu Q, Cao X, Ye T, Wang S
Main challenges of the clinical use of 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) are its facile transition between the active lactone form (SN-38 A) and the inactive carboxylate form (SN-38I) under physiological conditions and its low solubility. The purpose of this study was to develop a thermo-sensitive hydrogel system with acidic SN-38 liposomes (SN-38-Lip-Gel) for local chemotherapy to solve these problems and to evaluate its antitumor activity and tissue distribution in tumor-bearing mice. A study of structural conversion between SN-38I and SN-38 A under various pH conditions indicated that acidic solution could inhibit the conversion. Namely, a preparation with low pH was essential to stabilize lactone form of SN-38. SN-38-Lip-Gel had an appropriate gelation time (GT) at 25/37 °C. The particle size of SN-38-Lip-Gel was similar to that of SN-38-Lip. SN-38-Lip-Gel showed a slower release than SN-38-Lip in vitro. SN-38-Lip-Gel suggested pH-dependent stability, the percentage of SN-38 A remaining decreased along with the increasing pH. In vivo studies SN-38-Lip-Gel showed better antitumor efficacy and lower systemic toxicity compared with other groups at the same drug dose. In conclusion, SN-38-Lip-Gel could improve the effective use of SN-38 by stabilizing the lactone form, extending the drug release, providing a high local drug concentration, and reducing systemic toxicity.
PMID: 29019266 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]