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Assessment of the onset of lotilaner (Credelio™) speed of kill of fleas on dogs.

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Assessment of the onset of lotilaner (Credelio™) speed of kill of fleas on dogs.

Parasit Vectors. 2017 Nov 01;10(1):521

Authors: Cavalleri D, Murphy M, Seewald W, Drake J, Nanchen S

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Lotilaner (Credelio™) is the newest member of the novel isoxazoline chemical class to be developed to treat canine ectoparasitism. Administered orally, lotilaner is rapidly absorbed with peak blood levels occurring within 2 h post-treatment. A study was undertaken to determine the earliest onset of lotilaner’s efficacy against existing flea infestations.
METHODS: From 72 Beagles, 64 qualifying dogs were ranked in descending order of flea counts from a Day -8 infestation and placed into eight blocks. Within blocks, eight dogs were randomly allocated among eight groups: Groups 1 to 4 were treated orally with lotilaner, at as close as possible to the minimum dose rate of 20 mg/kg within 30 (± 5) minutes after feeding; Groups 5 to 8 were untreated controls. All dogs were infested with 100 ± 5 fleas on Day -2, and whole-body flea counts were completed at 30 min and one, two and 8 h after treatment. Efficacy calculations were based on arithmetic and geometric means if an adequate infestation (at least six of eight untreated dogs with a flea retention of ≥ 50%) was demonstrated in the equivalent control group.
RESULTS: Adequate infestations were established in all control groups. At 30 min and 1 h post-treatment, relative to the matching untreated control group, there were no significant reductions in mean flea counts in lotilaner-treated dogs, although moribund fleas were evident at 1 h post-treatment. At 2 h after treatment, compared with the equivalent control group, the geometric mean flea count reduction in the lotilaner group was 64.0% (t (7) = 2.86, P = 0.0242). At 8 h after treatment, lotilaner efficacy was 99.6%. There were no treatment-related adverse events.
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that lotilaner flavored chewable tablets are well tolerated and begin to kill fleas within 2 h of treatment, achieving 99.6% efficacy within 8 h. Lotilaner can therefore be used to quickly alleviate the flea irritation that arises from existing infestations.

PMID: 29089066 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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